Co-ordination is an orderly arrangement of efforts to provide unity of action in the fulfillment of common objective whereas co-operation denotes collective efforts of persons working in an enterprise voluntarily for the achievement of a particular purpose. It is the willingness of individuals to help each other.
A manager can be compared to an orchestra conductor since both of them have to create rhythm and unity in the activities of group members. Co-ordination is an integral element or ingredient of all the managerial functions as discussed below: –
- Co-ordination through Planning – Planning facilitates co-ordination by integrating the various plans through mutual discussion, exchange of ideas. e.g. – co-ordination between finance budget and purchases budget.
- Co-ordination through Organizing – Mooney considers co-ordination as the very essence of organizing. In fact when a manager groups and assigns various activities to subordinates, and when he creates department’s co-ordination uppermost in his mind.
- Co-ordination through Staffing – A manager should bear in mind that the right no. of personnel in various positions with right type of education and skills are taken which will ensure right men on the right job.
- Co-ordination through Directing – The purpose of giving orders, instructions & guidance to the subordinates is served only when there is a harmony between superiors & subordinates.
- Co-ordination through Controlling – Manager ensures that there should be co-ordination between actual performance & standard performance to achieve organizational goals.
From above discussion, we can very much affirm that co-ordination is the very much essence of management. It is required in each & every function and at each & every stage & therefore it cannot be separated.
Though Co-ordination and Co-operation these two are synonymous but they are different as below:
Differences between Co-ordination and Co-operation
|Meaning||It is an orderly arrangement of group efforts in pursuit of common goals.||It means mutual help willingly.|
|Scope||It is broader than co-operation which includes as well because it harmonizes the group efforts.||It is termed as a part of co-ordination.|
|Process||The function of co-ordination is performed by top management.||The functions of co-operation are prepared by persons at any level.|
|Requirements||Co-ordination is required by employees and departments at work irrespective of their work.||Co-operation is emotional in nature because it depends on the willingness of people working together.|
|Relationship||It establishes formal and informal relationships.||It establishes informal relationship.|
|Freedom||It is planned and entrusted by the central authority & it is essential.||It depends upon the sweet will of the individuals and therefore it is not necessary.|
|Support||It seeks wholehearted support from various people working at various levels.||Co-operation without co-ordination is fruitless & therefore it may lead to unbalanced developments.|
Therefore, existence of co-operation may prove to be effective condition or requisite for co-ordination. But it does not mean that co-ordination originates automatically from the voluntary efforts of the group of members. It has to be achieved through conscious & deliberate efforts of managers, therefore to conclude we can say that co-operation without co-ordination has no fruit and co-ordination without co-operation has no root.